A lure is a generic term for anything designed to look like a small fish that is intended to tempt a larger fish to attack. There is a massive range of lures on the market made from metal, plastic, rubber, wood or feathers, meaning a lure can be found for every sea fishing situation. Many anglers find lure fishing exciting as they are constantly active, casting and retrieving, knowing a fish could take the lure at any moment. Furthermore, the fact that no bait is needed means that angler can decide to go lure fishing at short notice without having to buy fresh bait or gather together loads of fishing gear. The need for relatively deep water means that piers, jetties and rock marks are the places where lure anglers will most often be found, although there are a number of steep shingle beaches where it is perfectly possible to catch fish on a lure. Using lures for sea fishing goes hand in hand with light tackle, and hooking a pollock, coalfish or bass on light gear is one of the most exciting types of fishing to be found, and even a single mackerel can give great sport if hooked on the right tackle.
Lure Fishing Species and Seasons
Lure fishing is generally seen as a summer activity. This is because predatory species such as pollock spend winter offshore in deeper water and come into shallower water and within range of the shore angler in the summer months once the sea starts to warm up. Mackerel also come into UK waters in the summer as they are a migratory species which follow the sprat and sandeel shoals, while wrasse and bass also come into shallower water during the summer months. Exactly when summer species begin to arrive is not an exact science. If the winter is mild and the spring warm it may be possible to catch summer species in late April/early May. However, a colder spring may mean that it is necessary to wait until the start of June before summer species are around in any number. These days summer species appear to be staying in inshore waters for longer and it is certainly possible to catch summer species well into September and October around much of the British Isles.
In terms of the species which can be caught by lure fishing mackerel tend to be the target species of many anglers, but there is in fact a number of species which can be caught on lures.
The following species can all be caught by anglers using spinners, feathers, daylights, jelly lures or plugs:
Obviously species such as cod will also feed by hunting smaller fish, but as they are a winter species there is rarely crossover between shore anglers using lures/spinners and cod being present in British waters (hence cod not being on the list above).
Spinning Rods, Reels and Tackle
The equipment needed for spinning is relatively cheap when compared to distance beachcasting and rock fishing gear. Generally anglers choose lighter rod and reel combinations in order to gain maximum sport from the fish they are targeting. Additionally, a lure fishing session involves repeated casting out and reeling in, and using a heavy rod for this is extremely tiring. For these reasons anglers often use a dedicated spinning rod which is usually 8 – 10ft long and is capable of casting lures of 1oz – 2oz. An alternative is to use a bass rod. These rods are generally around 11ft long and have a casting weight of 2 – 4oz. These rods offer longer casting distances than spinning rods and the ability to handle larger fish. Because lighter lures and spinners are used most anglers keep things simple and use 15 – 18lb line straight through and go without the use of shockleaders. Sea Angling Shop sell a range of rod and reel sets which are suitable for spinning around the UK. Click here to view and purchase.
Spinners are so-called because they spin, wobble or revolve as they are reeled in which mimics the movement of a small fish. Spinners for mackerel are cheap, with 1oz spinners costing around £1.20 each, with heavier spinners, and the more realistic ones designed for catch bass, being a little more expensive. Traditionally, most spinners are silver, a colour which resembles prey fish such as sandeel or sprats, although these days spinners come in a range of colours which are just as effective as traditional silver spinners.
Setting up a spinning rod is easy as the spinner can simply be tied direct to the end of the main line and then cast out – no need for shock leaders, weights or complicated rigs. Wye leads and jardine spirals are weights designed to be added along the line for a spinner and add weight for casting, but it is always better to avoid this complication and use a spinner that can be successfully cast with no additional weights added. Spinning rods also double up as effective rods for float fishing from rock marks or piers.
Related Article: Types of Spinners available to UK Anglers.
Lure Fishing Marks
Some of the best marks to spin for mackerel include piers, groynes and breakwaters which offer easy casting into deep water. Venues such as this will get very busy with people fishing for mackerel in the summer months, particularly during school holidays or in popular seaside resorts. Mackerel put up a great fight and catching one on an eight foot spinning rod designed to cast one ounce spinners is some of the best sport you can have. Pollock can also be taken from these marks, but are more likely to be found in their natural environment of heavily rocky and weedy areas of natural coastline, meaning that a high number of spinners can be lost to snags when fishing for pollock. Plug fishing too can be used to catch pollack from rocky areas, and a plug diving into deep water can be an extremely effective technique to catch this species. Spinning or plugging for bass is trickier, as this is a much rarer and harder to catch fish. Locals who have found marks where lures catch bass are likely to keep this information to themselves, rather than spread the word and see all the bass caught, or their favourite mark packed with anglers.
Certainly, there are marks around the south west of England and south west Wales where spinning for bass is popular, along with marks in Norfolk, Kent and the west coast of Scotland. Ireland – and the increased bass stocks this part of the world has benefited from – offers the greatest number of lure fishing venues for bass. Look for places where bass are likely to be feeding such as areas where the water is deep and cast the spinner over patches of heavy broken ground, mussel beds or at the edges of big kelp beds. Working a plug from rock shelves is another successful technique. Although tackle losses will be higher in marks such as this they provide the best choice of getting a decent sized bass. As usual dawn and dusk provide the best bass fishing times.
Piers, breakwaters and jetties are extremely popular for feather and daylight fishing, and in summer anglers can be fishing almost shoulder to shoulder once the word gets around that the mackerel are in. The problem with this type of fishing is that is effective – pulling a string of six feathers through a shoal of mackerel can catch a fish on every one. However, there is little sport in this as the heavy beachcaster can easily bring the mackerel in, and fishing with lighter gear is much more fun. The only time serious anglers fish for mackerel using a beachcaster and six feathers is when they want to catch mackerel quickly to freeze and use as bait in future fishing sessions. There are also issues with ‘anglers’ who only seem to fish during the mackerel season causing trouble and anti-social behaviour on piers and other popular venues, as well as problems with anglers taking excessive amounts of the easy-to-catch mackerel from the sea.
Lure Fishing Tips
In coloured water bass and pollack will hunt for prey by detecting vibrations and movement in the water using their lateral line as much as sight. In conditions such as this using a spinner or plug designed to generate the maximum amount of movement and turbulence can be extremely effective, as can plugs with an internal rattle or those which cause disturbance to the water.
- For mackerel – a species which will snap at anything even remotely resembling prey – cheap silver spinners will work perfectly. No point at all in getting expensive spinners or plugs.
- However, anglers targeting pollack, and especially bass, will have a range of different spinners to switch to depending on conditions, with brightly coloured spinners working well when water is carrying colour and black spinners working at time when fish will see them silhouetted against the sky.
- Diving birds are a sign that small fish and sandeels are near the surface of the water. Casting a spinner or plug near this area will be very productive.
- Similarly, when looking from a pier, breakwater or rock mark anglers may sometimes see the sea ‘boiling.’ This is in fact a shoal of mackerel hunting preyfish and forcing them upwards. They will flap and splash at the surface in an attempt to escape. Again, a lure cast into this would almost certainly be taken.
- If fishing in deep water vary the depth at which the lures are retrieved. Fish will feed at differing depths, sometimes quite close to the surface, while at other times it may be necessary to allow the lures to sink for some time to allow them to reach the required depth to catch the fish.